One-week low-dose proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapies have usually proved to be effective treatments for Helicobacter pylori infection.
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The prevalence of pathologic 24-hour esophageal reflux in both studies was significantly higher when measured as time pH < 4 than when measured as integrated acidity. This difference was entirely attributable to a difference between the two measures during the nocturnal period. Nocturnal gastric acid breakthrough was not a useful predictor of pathologic nocturnal esophageal reflux.
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First-line triple therapy with levofloxa- cin and amoxicillin plus a proton pump inhibitor has been reported to be effective and well tolerated in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. Studies have reported that cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotypes may affect the clinical efficacy of clarithromycinbased triple therapies, although there is only one report of such an effect with levofloxacin-based triple therapies.
Five EMs received three different 1-week regimens in a crossover manner as follows: (1) rabeprazole 10 mg bid for 7 days; (2) a front-loading regimen of rabeprazole (rabeprazole 10 mg qid on day 0 and bid on days 1 to 7); and (3) rabeprazole 10 mg qid for 7 days. Five intermediate metabolizers (IMs) and four poor metabolizers (PMs) received rabeprazole 10 mg bid regimen only. Twenty-four-hour intragastric pH-monitorings were performed on days 1, 4, and 7. Area under the intragastric pH-time curves (AUCs) from days 1 to 7 was calculated using 24-h median intragastric pHs on days 1, 4, and 7.
The objective of this work was to assess the efficacy of continuous proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy in children and to evaluate changes in biochemical, endoscopic, and histologic parameters during such treatment. A retrospective review of children receiving PPI therapy continuously for 1 year or more with baseline and follow-up esophageal and gastric biopsies on treatment was conducted to assess type, frequency, and duration of PPI dosing, symptom relief, gastrin levels, histologic findings, and adverse events. A total of 113 children (59 male, median age 4.5 years) were identified. Of these, 31% (35/113) were neurologically impaired. The median treatment duration was 35.2 months. Elevated serum gastrin levels occurred in 73% of children with no statistically significant differences in gastrin level by PPI type, dose, and dosing frequency or treatment duration. Adverse events were reported by 12% of children: diarrhea (5%) and constipation (4%) were the most frequent. Long-term PPI therapy appears to be effective, safe and well tolerated in children despite some biochemical, endoscopic, and histologic changes.
To identify predicting factors for the outcome of H. pylori eradication using two therapeutic schemes (triple and sequential) of equal duration (10 days).
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Patients with H. pylori-positive gastric or duodenal ulcers (including ulcer scars) in whom first-line therapy was unsuccessful were administered 10 mg of RPZ, 750 mg of AMPC and 250 mg of MNZ twice daily for seven days (total: 14 doses) based on an approved dose and regimen. Patient background factors, including complications, previous medical history, concomitant drugs, eradication results and adverse events were recorded by the investigator.
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Three point mutations (A2143G, A2142G, and A2142C) have been involved in Helicobacter pylori clarithromycin resistance.
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Oral rabeprazole and i.v. regular-dose omeprazole are equally effective in preventing rebleeding in patients with high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers after successful endoscopic injection with epinephrine.
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Acotiamide and rabeprazole combination therapy significantly improved postprandial distress syndrome (PDS)-like symptoms (p = 0.018, p = 0.04 and p = 0.041, respectively) and epigastric pain (p = 0.024) as wells as STAI-state scores (p = 0.04) compared to rabeprazole monotherapy. Both acotiamide monotherapy, and acotiamide taken in combination with rabeprazole, significantly (p = 0.001 and p = 0.02, respectively) improved satisfaction with treatment, compared to rabeprazole monotherapy. Acotiamide and rabeprazole combination therapy had no significant effect on ACTH and cortisol levels in FD patients. Of interest, acotiamide monotherapy, and acotiamide and rabeprazole combination therapy, significantly (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.018, respectively) increased acylated ghrelin/total ghrelin ratios and significantly (p = 0.04) improved impaired gastric emptying compared to rabeprazole monotherapy.