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We report the case of a 55-year-old male with renal failure as the initial manifestation of interstitial and focal infiltration of the kidneys by a small B-cell lymphoma. Since three years, this patient had a history of CLL with plasmocytic differentiation and was left untreated owing to stade A Binet classification. After chemotherapy, the lymphocytosis and the adenopathies disappear and the renal function improve. Infiltration of the kidneys by non-Hodgkin small B-cell lymphoma, including chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), is usually asymptomatic, fortuitously discovered at the time of an X-ray examination or at autopsy. Association with renal failure is extremely rare. We review the reported cases of renal failure associated with lymphomatous infiltration (13 cases of CLL and five cases of lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma kappa or lambda IgM), with the following conclusions: in most cases, renal insufficiency appears in a few months and significantly disappears after chemotherapy; the renal infiltrate is usually focal in lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma and rather massive and diffuse in CLL; the neoplastic feature of a small B-cell lymphoïd infiltrate may be difficult to determine: a poorly limited, monomorphous, CD20+ CD5+ lymphoid infiltrate is lymphomatous. In case of plasmocytic differentiation, it must be looked for kappa or lambda monotypy; the type of the lymphomatous infiltrate according to the WHO 2008 classification may be difficult to determine in a small sampling of renal tissue: the renal infiltrate must be compared, if possible, with a lymph node infiltrate. Owing to its bad prognosis, mantle cell lymphoma must be distinguished from other small B-cell lymphoma like CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma and lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma.
Prophylaxis and preemptive treatment are safe and effective; however, the patients who develop CMV events during prophylaxis experience a worse prognosis.
Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is a commonly used treatment for severe graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD). We sought to evaluate the effects of ECP over a prolonged period on forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) in patients with pulmonary GVHD. We identified eight patients who developed new airflow obstruction following allogeneic stem cell transplantation and a substantial decline in FEV1 despite receiving corticosteroids and standard therapy for pulmonary GVHD. Those eight patients were treated with ECP for a period of 1 year, with a primary endpoint of FEV1 change during this treatment period. Over the first 3 months of ECP, there was no further decline in FEV1 in seven of the eight patients. However, over the 1 year period, only two of the eight patients had stability in FEV1. The rate of FEV1 decline was substantially less once ECP was initiated, though the median FEV1 continued to decline over 1 year of therapy. All patients survived through the first year of ECP therapy. There was a significant decrease in the median dose of prednisone per patient throughout the 12 months of ECP treatment. ECP shows promise in slowing rate of decline of FEV1 in pulmonary GVHD, though the effects may not be long lived. J. Clin. Apheresis 31:347-352, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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The morning stiffness and pain of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is accompanied by a rise in serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) from 2 am to 7 am. Using a formulation that releases prednisone at 2 am (after ingestion at 10 pm), we studied the circadian dynamics of serum IL-6, other cytokines, and cortisol in 9 patients before and after 2 weeks, therapy. Significant improvements occurred in morning stiffness, pain, disease activity, and the acute-phase response. Only IL-6 showed measurable cytokine circadian variation, its high pretreatment peak was abolished, and changes in IL-6 correlated with the changes in morning stiffness. Following treatment, afternoon and evening serum cortisol was reduced, but in the early morning cortisol peak concentration increased. Thus the severity of morning symptoms is related to nocturnal serum IL-6 concentration. The specific timing of the medication, linked to the interaction between IL-6 and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, may correct a postulated deficiency in HPA control in RA.
The proposals relating to patients with AID specified: the absence of risk of AID relapse following vaccination; the possibility of administering live virus vaccines (LVV) to patients not receiving immunosuppressants; the pertinence of determining protective antibody titre before vaccination; the absence of need for specific monitoring following the vaccination. The proposals relating to patients with DRID specified that a 3-6 month delay is needed between the end of these treatments and the vaccination with LVV. There is no contraindication to administering LVV in patients receiving systemic corticosteroids prescribed for less than two weeks, regardless of their dose, or at a daily dose not exceeding 10mg of prednisone, if this involves prolonged treatment. Out of 14 proposals, the level of agreement between the experts was "very good" for eleven, and "good" for the remaining three.
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Calcineurin inhibitor-associated chronic nephrotoxicity threatens the prognosis of liver transplant recipients. This study aimed to study the mechanisms involved by identifying the cytokine profiles in tacrolimus (Tac)-induced nephrotoxicity.
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Twelve adult patients (nine women and three men; mean age 58·5 years; range 32-73 years) with IGD were enrolled. Lesions consisted of asymptomatic erythematous papules and plaques, symmetrically distributed on the trunk and the proximal limbs. Two patients had skin-coloured papules. Six patients had articular involvement (arthralgias, spondyloarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis) and three patients had cancer.
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In this chart review of consecutive men with progressive mCRPC after AA, we found modest activity for enzalutamide and docetaxel, with clear cross-resistance for AA and enzalutamide. These data might inform the complex treatment decisions after AA treatment.
In trial completers the functional indices did not change significantly with NAC, whereas most indices deteriorated with placebo; in non-completers the majority of indices worsened but decline was generally less pronounced in most indices with NAC than with placebo. Most categorical analyses of VC, DLco and CPI also showed favourable changes with NAC. The effects of NAC on VC, DLco and CPI were significantly better if the baseline CPI was 50 points or lower.
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International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes were used to identify female Crohn patients from all patients admitted using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (1998-2009). Women were stratified as either pregnant or nonpregnant. We defined Crohn-related surgical disease as peritonitis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, intra-abdominal abscess, toxic colitis, anorectal suppuration, intestinal-intestinal fistulas, intestinal-genitourinary fistulas, obstruction and/or stricture, or perforation (excluding appendicitis).
IL10 SNPs, -819 TT/TC or -592 AA/AC genotypes correlated with improved CHOP response rates (P = 0.04). Neither polymorphism separately influenced the failure-free survival (FFS) or overall survival in patients, but the IL10 haplotype was associated with treatment outcomes after R-CHOP for FFS (P = 0.03) or progression (P = 0.007), whereas the -938 AA BCL2 genotype significantly affected overall survival (P = 0.04). An interactive effect between BCL2 and IL10 SNPs was significant in the group with both -938 AA BCL2 genotype and 1 to 2 copies of CC IL10 haplotype. This group showed a better FFS (P = 0.01) and a lower probability of progression (P = 0.004) compared with other genotype groups when treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy.