We report a case of Candida parapsilosis prosthetic heart valve infective endocarditis in a 67-year-old man. The infection was successfully treated with liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) and flucytosine. Surgical replacement of the infected valve was necessary. Recurrence was prevented with oral fluconazole 400mg daily as maintenance therapy. The patient remained well after 2 years of follow-up.
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Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 13 preterm infants with Candida albicans sepsis, who were born at 28 to 36 weeks of gestational age and who weighed between 1400 and 2815 g.
The present study aimed to determine prevalences of tinea pedis and onychomycosis, factors predisposing to their development, and antifungal susceptibilities of causative fungal species against fluconazole, itraconazole, and terbinafine in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).
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Anidulafungin concentrations of 3.3 and 10 μg/ml caused a significant increase in contractile responsiveness, caspofungin showed a significant decrease at 10 μg/ml and micafungin concentrations of 3.3-33 μg/ml led to a significant increase in cell shortening. Measurement was not possible at 33 μg/ml for anidulafungin and caspofungin and at 100 μg/ml for all echinocandins due to a majority of round-shaped, non-contracting cardiomyocytes. Fluconazole showed no significant effect on cell shortening at all concentrations tested. For the three echinocandins the ratio of round-shaped, non-contracting versus rod-shaped normal contracting cardiomyocytes increased in a dose-dependent manner.
Two academic, tertiary care centers.
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The purpose of this investigation was to describe the characteristics of the use of systemic antifungal agents (AFAs) and to evaluate their appropriateness of use. A prospective drug-utilisation study was conducted in intensive-care areas: haematology-oncology services and transplant units. Data were collected in three periods over 9 months. The required sample size was determined to be 113 patients (margin of error ±7%, 95% confidence interval [CI]), assuming a variability of 50%. Two different investigator groups evaluated the appropriateness of use separately; Cohen's Kappa index was used to calculate the degree of agreement between groups. A total of 114 patients we included, of which 62 (54.4%) were children. A total of 150 prescriptions were administered; fluconazole was the most frequently prescribed (38%), followed by liposomal amphotericin B (22.7%) and caspofungin (18.7%). The indications were: (1) pre-emptive treatment of Candida in non-neutropaenic critically ill patients (35.1%), (2) treatment of systemic fungal infection (24.6%), (3) prophylaxis for systemic fungal infection (SFI) in immunocompromised patients (16.7%), (4) prophylaxis of SFI in transplant recipients (12.3%), (5) prophylaxis of SFI in preterm infants (5.3%), (6) treatment of SFI in neonates (6.1%). The Kappa index showed a substantial agreement (Kappa = 0.73). The indications were considered to be inappropriate in 71 (47.3%) episodes. The indications or dosages were inappropriate in 79 cases (52.7%). The indications, dosages or duration of treatment were inappropriate in 83 cases (55.3%). We conclude that AFAs are prescribed for a significant number of inappropriate indications.
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Posaconazole suspension administered at up to 800 mg/d is a reasonable alternative to conventional antifungal agents for the prevention and treatment of IFIs in high-risk populations. It may also be suitable in patients with infections caused by rare or relatively resistant fungi, and those who are unable to tolerate long-term therapy with other antifungal agents.
A 4-year-old spayed female Golden Retriever (dog 1) was examined because of acute edema and erythema in the left hind limb and an inguinal mass, and a 5-year-old female Jack Russell Terrier (dog 2) was examined because of a recurring retro-peritoneal mass.
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Elderly patients with candidemia had poor prognoses characterized by certain host and hospital-related risk factors and special pathogen resistance features. More awareness of the burden of this disease is required, and the absence of antifungal therapies should be avoided to improve the prognoses of elderly patients with this severe infection.
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To determine clinical variables to distinguish invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) from colonization in patients with chronic pneumopathies with positive culture of Aspergillus spp. in respiratory samples.
We treated two cases of primary pulmonary cryptococcosis with fluconazole (FLCZ), the clinical usefulness of FLCZ was evaluated. FLCZ was administered orally in doses of 300 mg daily for about six months. Concentrations of FLCZ were measured in the serum of the two cases and in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in one case. The following results were obtained: 1. Clinical cures were obtained in the two cases. 2. The serum levels of FLCZ was 15.1 microliters/ml, 13.6 micrograms/ml two hours after administration of 100 mg in case 1, that of levels were 11.1 micrograms/ml, 8.9 micrograms/ml one hour and 4.5 hours, respectively, after administration of 100 mg in case 2. BAL was performed 4.5 hours after administration of 100 mg in case 2, the BAL fluid level of FLCZ was 0.7 microgram/ml. 3. The minimal inhibitory concentration of FLCZ against one strain obtained from the cytology brush in case 1 was 4.0 micrograms/ml. 4. The cryptococcal antigen titer decreased with the improvement of clinical signs and the resolution of chest X-ray abnormalities within about six months, and there was no relapse. From these results, we consider that FLCZ is a useful antifungal agent for primary pulmonary cryptococcosis, and we therefore recommend a six month treatment.