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Duricef (Cefadroxil)
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Duricef

Generic Duricef is a medication of cephalosporin antibiotic group. Generic Duricef is used to treat nose, throat, urinary tract, and skin infections that are caused by specific bacteria. Generic Duricef is a cephalosporin-type antibiotic. Generic Duricef prevents bacteria to grow in the organism.

Other names for this medication:
Acer, Actidrox, Bless, Cedrox, Cefadil, Cefastar, Eliminate, Paxyl

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Also known as:  Cefadroxil.

Description

Generic Duricef is a medication of cephalosporin antibiotic group.

Generic Duricef is used to treat nose, throat, urinary tract, and skin infections that are caused by specific bacteria. Generic Duricef prevents bacteria to grow in the organism.

Brand name of Generic Duricef is Duricef.

Generic name of Generic Duricef is Cefadroxil Monohydrate.

Dosage

Generic Duricef can be taken in form of tablets which should be taken orally.

Take Generic Duricef with or without food.

For adults:

For urinary tract infections the usual dosage for uncomplicated infections is a total of 1 to 2 grams per day in a single dose or 2 smaller doses. For all other urinary tract infections, the usual dosage is a total of 2 grams per day taken in 2 doses.

For skin and skin structure infections the usual dose is a total of 1 gram per day in a single dose or 2 smaller doses.

Throat Infections"Strep Throat and Tonsillitis: The usual dosage is a total of 1 gram per day in a single dose or 2 smaller doses for 10 days.

For children:

For urinary tract and skin infections the usual dosage is 30 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day, divided into 2 doses and taken every 12 hours.

For throat infections the recommended dosage per day is 30 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight in a single dose or 2 smaller doses.

In the treatment of strep throat the dosage should be taken for at least 10 days.

Do not stop taking Generic Duricef suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Duricef and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Duricef overdosage: seizures.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw the medicine away after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Duricef are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not use Generic Duricef if you are allergic to Generic Duricef components.

Be very careful with Generic Duricef while you are pregnant or have nurseling.

Try to be careful with Generic Duricef usage in case of having kidney disorder, gastrointestinal disease.

Try to be careful with Generic Duricef if you have allergies to medicines, foods or other substances.

Try to be careful with Generic Duricef if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation or dietary supplement.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Duricef taking suddenly.

duricef with alcohol

The bacteria isolated from the urine of renal patients were tested for sensitivity towards cephadroxyl (Pharmachem) and other beta-lactam antibiotics--altogether 654 examinations were made. It was established that the gram-positive bacteria (excluding the Enterococcus) are sensitive towards cephadroxyl. From the Gram negative bacteria E. Coli, Klebsiella sp., Enterobacter sp., P. mirabilis, Citrobacter sp. showed the greatest sensitivity towards cephadroxyl, while the indole positive Proteus were with low sensitivity and P. aeruginosa, Acinetobacter sp., Serratia were resistant towards cephadroxyl. 30 patients with persistent mainly secondary urinary infection were treated with cephadroxyl. The clinical symptoms disappeared in 63.3% of the patients and another 26.7% of them showed considerable improvement. Bacteriological sterility of the urine was achieved in 61.29% of the patients. The side effects were mild and rare, only in single cases.

duricef liquid dosage

A fast and simple high-performance liquid chromatographic procedure for the determination of cefatrizine, an orally active cephalosporin, in serum and urine is proposed. Reversed-phase liquid chromatography on the octoadecylsilane chemically bonded microparticulate packing, using methanol in 0.03 M sodium phosphate buffer (pH 5) as eluent, was used to separate and quantitate the antibiotic. The samples were analysed after deproteinization with trichloroacetic acid and injection of the clear supernatant. The accuracy and reproducibility of the procedure were investigated by determination of the cefatrizine content in spiked serum and urine samples, using cephradine as the internal standard.

duricef dosage

The human Caco-2 cell line spontaneously differentiates in culture to epithelial cells possessing intestinal enterocytic-like properties. These cells possess a proton-dependent dipeptide transport carrier that mediates the uptake of the cephalosporin antibiotic cephalexin (Dantzig, A.H. and Bergin, L. (1990) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1027, 211-217). In the present study, the uptake of cefaclor was examined and found to be sodium-independent, proton-dependent, and energy-dependent. The initial rate of D-[3-phenyl-3H]cefaclor uptake was measured over a wide concentration range; uptake was mediated by a single saturable transport carrier with a Km of 7.6 mM and a Vmax of 7.6 nmol/min per mg protein and by a non-saturable component. Uptake was inhibited by dipeptides but not amino acids. The carrier showed a preference for the L-isomer. The effect of the presence of a 5-fold excess of other beta-lactam antibiotics was examined on the initial rates of 1 mM cefaclor and 1 mM cephalexin uptake. Uptake rates were inhibited by the orally absorbed antibiotics, cefadroxil, cefaclor, loracarbef, and cephradine and less so by the parenteral agents tested. The initial uptake rates of both D-[9-14C]cephalexin and D-[3-phenyl-3H]cefaclor were competitively inhibited by cephalexin, cefaclor, and loracarbef with Ki values of 9.2-13.2, 10.7-6.2, and 7.7-6.4 mM, respectively. Taken together, these data suggest that a single proton-dependent dipeptide transport carrier mediates the uptake of these orally absorbed antibiotics into Caco-2 cells, and provide further support for the use of Caco-2 cells as a cellular model for the study of the intestinal proton-dependent dipeptide transporter.

duricef dosage cellulitis

The reviewed pediatric studies in skin and skin-structure infections, bacteremia, or pneumonia found that linezolid was associated with high clinical cure rates (75.0%-93.2%) that did not differ significantly from those of vancomycin or cefadroxil. RCTs enrolling children with other types of infection (eg, osteomyelitis, endocarditis), as well as long-term studies, are needed to draw definitive conclusions about linezolid's efficacy and tolerability in pediatric patients. Careful monitoring for adverse events and possible linezolid resistance continues to be essential.

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A total of 358 recent distinct isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae were recovered from clinical specimens of patients in various hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The commonest serotypes were Groups C, F, B and A. Using specific monosera for typing it was found that serotype 14 was the commonest followed by serotypes 3, 7, 1, 2, 19 and 8 respectively. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of penicillin determined by an agar dilution method, showed that 81% were susceptible (MIC less than 0.1 mg/L), 18% were relatively resistant (MIC = 0.1-1 mg/L) and 1% showed increased resistance (MIC greater than or equal to 1.0 mg/L). The use of a 1 microgram oxacillin disc distinguished between susceptible and relatively penicillin resistant pneumococci more reliably than did the use of a penicillin disc (1 or 10 micrograms). Resistance of S. pneumoniae to tetracycline, co-trimoxazole, chloramphenicol, and erythromycin were 70%, 43%, 12% and 4% respectively. All isolates were susceptible to oral cephalosporins (cefadroxil, cephalexin, cefaclor, and cefuroxime axetil) with an MIC range of less than or equal to 0.03-2 mg/L. The selection of antimicrobial therapy and the efficiency of vaccines depend on the knowledge of the local isolates of S. pneumoniae. Clinical isolates should be routinely screened to detect susceptibility to penicillin. The relatively high incidence of resistance to multiple antibiotics indicates the need to perform antibiotic susceptibility testing in order to avoid possible therapeutic failure.

duricef oral suspension

The increasing resistance of E. coli to trimethoprim makes this drug less suitable for empiric treatment of UTI. Young children with UTI seem predisposed to early development of resistance. Therefore, surveillance of resistance to antimicrobials with special regard to age and gender is recommended.

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The transport characteristics of chemically modified phenylalanylglycine (Phe-Gly) with butyric acid (C4-Phe-Gly) and caproic acid (C6-Phe-Gly) were examined using rabbit intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs). In the presence of an inwardly H+ gradient (pH 7.5 inside, pH 6.0 outside), the uptake of Phe-Gly via BBMVs was significantly enhanced by the covalent attachment of butyric or caproic acid to the N-terminal of Phe-Gly. Moreover, C4-Phe-Gly uptake was stimulated by the trans-stimulation effect of some dipeptides and cefadroxil, and was inhibited by other dipeptides and cefadroxil. These results indicate that N-terminal modified Phe-Gly with fatty acids are transported into BBMVs via an oligopeptide transporter. Therefore, chemical modification of dipeptides with fatty acids can enhance the intestinal absorption of dipeptide by a carrier-mediated transport via an oligopeptide transporter.

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The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate the published evidence regarding the commonly held belief that patients with a history of an allergic reaction to penicillin have a significantly increased risk of an allergic reaction to cephalosporins.

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Betalactamase-producing organisms are responsible for an increasing number of ENT and lower respiratory tract infections. Or cephalosporins and the combination of amoxicillin with the beta-lactamase inhibitor clavulanic acid are alternatives to ampicillin therapy. The killing activity of cefadroxil on the organisms most often responsible for ENT and respiratory infections was evaluated in vitro using a viable bacteria count method, comparatively with cefaclor, josamycin, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Killing activity was found to be time-dependent for all the antimicrobial agents studied. Cefadroxil exhibited the same bactericidal effect on Streptococcus pyogenes and S. pneumoniae than the other agents. Haemophilus influenzae and an increasing number of Pneumococcus strains were resistant to josamycin which is therefore not appropriate for first-line therapy. As compared with amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefadroxil was less active on H. influenzae and more active on Staphylococcus aureus. Production of beta-lactamase failed to influence the killing activity of cefadroxil. These bacteriologic data, together with results of pharmacologic studies (long half-life and good penetration within tissues) can explain the clinical successes obtained with cefadroxil in ENT and lower respiratory tract infections.

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duricef suspension 2016-05-24

Screening and diagnosis of drug-induced liver disorders depend on careful history Altace Normal Dose taking and 5 specific biochemical liver tests. The evolution of the liver disorder induced by cefadroxil therapy probably was interrupted because of its early detection. Appropriate screening was done with the subsequent administration of new potentially hepatotoxic drugs.

duricef pediatric dosing 2015-03-02

Atopic dermatitis (AD) and impetigo are Ayurslim Capsules Ingredients skin conditions where bacterial colonisation and infection, especially with Staphylococcus aureus play an important role. We compared skin bacterial population, resistance patterns and choice of antimicrobial agents in patients diagnosed with AD and impetigo during 2005 and 2011 in our department. Number of positive cultures in the AD group were 40 and 53 in 2005 and 2011, with S. aureus found in 97.5% and 100%, respectively. Differences in resistance were marginal. In impetigo, S. aureus was found in all 70 patients in 2005 and all 40 patients in 2011. Antibiotic resistance to specifically fusidic acid was more common in 2005 impetigo patients (22.8%) versus 2011 (5%) (p = 0.078). The most commonly used oral antimicrobial was cefadroxil (in 57.5% and 52.8% of AD and 58.6% and 35% of impetigo patients in 2005 and 2011, respectively). Our observations confirm the high prevalence of S. aureus in both diseases and, interestingly, show a declining resistance trend in impetigo.

duricef with alcohol 2017-02-15

Bulk of the penicillin produced is used as raw material for semi-synthetic penicillin (such as amoxicillin and ampicillin) and semi-synthetic cephalosporins (such as cephalexin and cefadroxil). In the present paper, an industrial penicillin V bioreactor train is optimized for multiple objectives simultaneously. An industrial train, comprising a bank of identical bioreactors, is run semi-continuously in a synchronous fashion. The fermentation taking place in a bioreactor is modeled using a morphologically structured mechanism. For multi-objective optimization for two and three objectives, the elitist Levitra Online Cheap non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) is chosen. Instead of a single optimum as in the traditional optimization, a wide range of optimal design and operating conditions depicting trade-offs of key performance indicators such as batch cycle time, yield, profit and penicillin concentration, is successfully obtained. The effects of design and operating variables on the optimal solutions are discussed in detail.

is duricef generic 2016-06-12

Gram-negative bacteria were the major bacteria in burn infection, among which Pseudomonas aeruginosa ranked the top. Staphylococcus aureous ranked the first among the Gram-positive bacteria, and the isolation rate of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus increased; The isolation rate of Enterobacter cloacae (10.4%), Escherichia coli (8.3%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (7.3%), and fungus (4 Norvasc Drug .2%) all rose. The antibiotic resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureous increased.

duricef medication class 2015-03-29

Serum concentration-time curves were determined in seventeen 82 (60-90) year-old patients undergoing trochanteric hip fracture surgery after receiving 1 g of cefadroxil per os. All the patients attained a serum level of antibiotic high enough to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis. When Prilosec Drug Class orally administered, cefadroxil should be given within 2 hours before surgery.

duricef alcohol 2015-07-16

Cefdinir, a new oral cephalosporin, was compared to cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefixime, and cefuroxime against greater than 5000 recent aerobic clinical isolates. This multicenter study revealed broad-spectrum cefdinir activity against all Enterobacteriaceae (MIC50s, 0.06-2 micrograms/ml) except Enterobacter Zanaflex 8 Mg cloacae, Morganella morganii, Proteus vulgaris, and Serratia marcescens (MIC50s, greater than or equal to 4 micrograms/ml). Oxacillin-susceptible staphylococci (MIC90s, 0.5-2 micrograms/ml), beta-hemolytic Streptococcus group B (MIC90, 0.06 micrograms/ml), and Acinetobacter lwoffii were also susceptible to cefdinir. The activity of cefdinir was similar to that of cefixime and cefuroxime against Gram-negative organisms and superior to all tested oral cephems when tested against Gram-positive cocci. None of the cephalosporins were active against oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp., enterococci, Pseudomonas spp., or Xanthomonas maltophilia. MIC quality control range guidelines were established for the strains recommended by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards documents.

duricef pills 2016-12-17

Single doses of 250 and 500 mg of BL-S 578 (cefadroxil), a new semisynthetic cephalosporin, were orally administered to 13 normal, healthy volunteers and serum levels determined at timed intervals for 7 h. Peak concentration was obtained at 1 1/2 h after administration of 250 mg (8.981 micrograms/ml) or 500 mg ( Zestoretic 20 Dose 17.861 micrograms/ml). Urniary excretion levels within 24 h after ingestion of single doses of 250 and 500 mg of cefadroxil were 89.92 and 86.34%, respectively.

duricef 1000 mg 2015-06-14

Evidence in the literature suggests that 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2 D3 ], the vitamin D receptor ligand, down-regulated the expression of the rat renal organic anion (renal organic anion transporter, rOAT) and oligopeptide (rPEPT) transporters, but increased intestinal rPEPT1 expression. We investigated, in rats, the Imodium Overdose Treatment intravenous and oral pharmacokinetics of 2 mg/kg cefdinir and cefadroxil, two cephalosporins that are eliminated via renal OAT1/OAT3 and are substrates of PEPT1/PEPT2, with and without 1,25(OH)2 D3 treatment. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of cefdinir or cefadroxil after 1,25(OH)2 D3 treatment was increased significantly because of decreased clearance (CL). Both kidney uptake and cumulative urinary recovery were significantly decreased, whereas liver uptake and fecal recovery remained unchanged in 1,25(OH)2 D3 -treated rats. Similar changes in AUC and CL were observed for both drugs upon coadministration of probenecid, the OAT inhibitor. Oral availability of cefdinir and cefadroxil remained unchanged with 1,25(OH)2 D3 treatment, suggesting lack of a role for intestinal rPEPT1. Rather, reduction of rOAT1/rOAT3 mRNA expression in kidney with 1,25(OH)2 D3 -treatment was observed, confirmed by decreased function in MDCKII cells overexpressing human OAT1 and OAT3. These composite results suggest that 1,25(OH)2 D3 treatment reduces cefdinir and cefadroxil clearances by diminution of renal OAT1/OAT3 expression, implicating a role for 1,25(OH)2 D3 in eliciting transporter-based drug interactions.

duricef capsules 500mg 2015-10-22

Little is known about the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms in Klebsiella pneumoniae from swine in China. Thus, this paper aims to demonstrate the β-lactam resistance phenotypes and genotypes of K. pneumoniae isolates from swine in southwestern China, detect possible new β-lactamase variants, and determine whether or not the variants differ in their antibiotic resistance. Isolates from 58 unrelated diseased swine were collected from 61 pig farms in southwestern China from 2007 to 2009. Among the 58 isolates, 75.8-100% were resistant to β-lactam, 62.0-68.97% to fluoroquinolone, 44.8-46.55% to aminoglycoside, and 8.62-17.24% to β-lactam inhibitors. PCR amplification and DNA sequencing showed that bla(TEM-1) was detected in 100% (n=58) of the isolates, bla(SHV) in 82.76% (n=48), bla(CTX-M) in 39.66% (n=23), and bla Allegra Off Brand (OKP) in 17.24% (n=10). The bla(SHV) types included bla(SHV-1), bla(SHV-11), bla(SHV-12), and bla(SHV-27). None of the isolates harbored bla(KPC), bla(LEN), or bla(GES) gene. Four novel variants (bla(OKP-A-13), bla(OKP-A-14), bla(OKP-A-15), and bla(OKP-A-16)) were identified among the 10 OKP β-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae isolates resistant to ampicillin, amoxicillin, oxacillin, cefalexin, and cefadroxil. Plasmid analysis and PCR amplification indicated that bla(TEM-1) genes were detected in the total plasmid. Molecular typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed the presence of 10 distinct pulsotypes of OKP producer isolates. Plasmid DNA digested with XbaI yielded two to six bands of ca. 0.15-30 kb. Transformants of the 10 OKP producer isolates showed no differences in their antibiotic susceptibility, except for the pulsotype B transformant, which carried bla(CTX-M). In China, β-lactam resistance appeared to be common among K. pneumoniae isolates from swine, suggesting that K. pneumoniae may be a reservoir for the dissemination of β-lactam resistance among Chinese pig farms.

duricef pediatric dose 2016-08-31

Therapeutic use of cephaloridine, a beta-lactam antibiotic, in humans is associated with carnitine deficiency. A potential mechanism for the development of carnitine deficiency is competition between cephaloridine and carnitine for the renal reabsorptive process. OCTN2 is an organic cation/carnitine transporter that is responsible for Na(+)-coupled transport of carnitine in the kidney and other tissues. We investigated the interaction of several beta-lactam antibiotics with OCTN2 using human cell lines that express the transporter constitutively as well as using cloned human and rat OCTN2s expressed heterologously in human cell lines. The beta-lactam antibiotics cephaloridine, cefoselis, cefepime, and cefluprenam were found to inhibit OCTN2-mediated carnitine transport. These antibiotics Ilosone 250 Mg possess a quaternary nitrogen as does carnitine. Several other beta-lactam antibiotics that do not possess this structural feature did not interact with OCTN2. The interaction of cephaloridine with OCTN2 is competitive with respect to carnitine. Interestingly, many of the beta-lactam antibiotics that were not recognized by OCTN2 were good substrates for the H(+)-coupled peptide transporters PEPT1 and PEPT2. In contrast, cephaloridine, cefoselis, cefepime, and cefluprenam, which were recognized by OCTN2, did not interact with PEPT1 and PEPT2. The interaction of cephaloridine with OCTN2 was Na(+)-dependent, whereas the interaction of cefoselis and cefepime with OCTN2 was largely Na(+)-independent. Furthermore, the Na(+)-dependent, OCTN2-mediated cellular uptake of cephaloridine could be demonstrated by direct uptake measurements. These studies show that OCTN2 plays a crucial role in the pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy of certain beta-lactam antibiotics such as cephaloridine and that cephaloridine-induced carnitine deficiency is likely to be due to inhibition of carnitine reabsorption in the kidney.