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Between January 2004 and September 2005, 114 patients with symptomatic distal ureteral stones with a >/=5mm diameter were enrolled in this prospective study and divided into four groups based on the urologist (of four) who treated them in the emergency unit. Group A (33 patients) received tamsulosin (0.4mg daily), group B (24 patients) received deflazacort (30mg daily), group C (33 patients) received both (0.4mg tamsulosin+30mg deflazacort daily), and control group D (24 patients) received only analgesics. The treatment duration was 10 d to prevent the side-effects of prolonged corticosteroid therapy. The end points were the expulsion rate, analgesic consumption, number of ureteroscopies, and safety.
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To examine the frequency of and risk factors for nocturia in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and the degree of improvement of nocturia after treatment for BPH.
Observational retrospective study that took place over a period of 2 years (july 2009-july 2011) and reviewed 2484 eyes that underwent cataract surgery. A number of 1199 eyes were from 1049 male patients.
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All patients completed the study and there were no major side-effects. There was no difference in age, stone position or stone size among the groups. Multivariate analysis using a Cox proportional hazards model indicated that the probability of stone expulsion for 1 month was increased 2.38 times (95% confidence interval 1.23-4.61) by naftopidil compared with control therapy alone (p = 0.01).
41 men were enrolled in the study and they were subjected to either watchful waiting (group 1) or alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor blocker therapy (group 2 with alfuzosin; group 3 with tamsulosin). The patients were investigated by symptom evaluation using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life score (QOL), uroflowmetry and UEBW. The parameters were assessed again 3 months after initiation of treatment and compared with the initial values.
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Alfuzosin provided a significantly higher stone-free rate than the control treatments (RR: 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-2.55; p<0.001), and a shorter stone expulsion time (Weighted mean difference [WMD]: -4.20 d, 95%CI, -6.19 to -2.21; p<0.001), but it has a higher complication rate (RR: 2.02; 95% CI, 1.30-3.15; p<0.01). When Alfuzosin was compared to Tamsulosin, there was no significant difference in terms of stone-free rate (RR: 0.90; 95% CI, 0.79-1.02; p = 0.09) as well as the stone expulsion time (WMD: 0.52 d, 95%CI, -1.61 to 2.64; p = 0.63). The adverse effects of Alfuzosin were similar to those of Tamsulosin (RR: 0.88; 95% CI, 0.61-1.26; p = 0.47).
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Six-hundred thirty-eight men were randomized. Urgency was reduced by 2.2 and 2.4 episodes in the TAM+SOL 2.5 and 5 mg groups, respectively. The TAM+SOL 5 mg group showed significant improvement compared with TAM+PBO (-2.4 vs -1.9, P=.049). The number of micturitions in both TAM+SOL groups were significantly reduced compared with TAM+PBO (both P<.001). IPSS storage symptom score and OABSS significantly improved in both TAM+SOL groups compared with TAM+PBO. Changes in IPSS voiding symptom score and Qmax. were similar in all groups. Four patients (1.9%) in the TAM+SOL 5 mg group had urinary retention, but all recovered after catheterization.
The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor blocking agent on the spontaneous passage of proximal ureteral calculi < or =10 mm. 92 patients having single radio-opaque proximal ureteral stone < or =10 mm were randomized into two groups. Group 1 patients (n = 50) were followed with classical conservative approach and patients in Group 2 (n = 42) additionally received tamsulosin, 0.4 mg/day during 4 weeks follow-up. The stone passage rates, stone expulsion time, VAS score, change in colic episodes, and hospital re-admission rates for colicky pain were compared. The patients were furthermore stratified according to stone diameters <5 and 5-10 mm. The data of these subgroups were also compared. Stone expulsion rates showed statistically significant difference between tamsulosin receivers and non-receivers (35.7 vs 30%, p = 0.04). Time to stone expulsion period was also shortened in those receiving tamsulosin (8.4 +/- 3.3 vs 11.6 +/- 4.1 days, p = 0.015). Likewise, the mean VAS score and renal colic episodes during follow-up period were significantly diminished in Group 2 patients (4.5 +/- 2.3 vs 8.8 +/- 2.9, p < 0.01 and 66.6 vs 36%, p = 0.001, respectively). Among the stones <5 mm, tamsulosin receiving patients had higher spontaneous passage rate (71.4 vs 50%, p < 0.001). The prominent effect of tamsulosin on the 5-10 mm stones was the relocation of the stones to a more distal part of ureter (39.3 vs 18.7%, p = 0.001). Administration of tamsulosin in the medical management of proximal ureteral calculi can facilitate the spontaneous passage rate in the stone <5 mm and the relocation of the stones between 5 and 10 mm to more distal part of the ureter.
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Of the 112 patients, 81 and 31 had PV of < 35 and ≥ 35 mL, respectively. The IPSS was significantly improved in patients with PV of < 35 mL (17.8 ± 5.9 at baseline, 13.5 ± 7.0 at 4 weeks, 11.9 ± 6.1 at 3 months) and in those with PV of ≥ 35 mL (17.4 ± 6.7 at baseline, 13.1 ± 7.0 at 4 weeks, 13.4 ± 6.2 at 3 months). There was no significant difference in the changes of the IPSS between the groups in a combined analysis model (P = 0.559). In addition, the model revealed no significant differences in changes in the QOL index, BPI, Qmax and PVR.