The effects of long-term monotherapy with terazosin, an alpha-1 blocker, on blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and serum lipid profiles were prospectively investigated in 53 hypertensive patients: 19 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and 34 with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The plasma glucose, serum lipids, fructosamine, and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were determined before and during long-term (6 months) therapy with terazosin. A 75-g oral glucose tolerance test was performed before and during long-term terazosin therapy. Significant falls in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in both patient groups were maintained during the long-term therapy with terazosin. Neither fasting nor postglucose-load venous plasma glucose levels were altered in either group of patients, and diabetes mellitus did not develop in any patient with NGT during the study. There was no significant change in the insulinogenic index (delta IRI/delta BS at 30 minutes after glucose load) in either patient group. In patients with IGT, glucose intolerance was slightly improved with significant reductions in HbA1c and fructosamine during terazosin therapy. Serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride levels were significantly decreased in patients with IGT. In addition, TC and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were significantly decreased in patients with hypercholesterolemia (TC > 220 mg/dL). These results suggest that long-term therapy with terazosin may improve glucose and lipid metabolism in hypertensive patients and terazosin seems to be an antihypertensive agent with beneficial effects for hypertensive patients with either dyslipidemia or impaired glucose metabolism.
Alpha1-adrenoceptors antagonists (doxazosin, terazosin, prazosin) are commonly prescribed for benign prostate hyperplasia and hypertension. Doxazosin and terazosin exhibit anti-angiogenic effects and apoptotic activities against multiple cell types and are potential preventive agents for prostate cancer. Prazosin induces apoptosis in three prostate cancer cell lines. We hypothesized that prazosin, a more potent alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist with a distinct mechanism, exhibits anti-angiogenic activity.
buy hytrin australia
Of 2389 potential citations, 25 were usable for evaluation of safety data, 26 for efficacy. A1B use was associated with a statistically significant increase in the odds of developing a vascular-related event [odds ratio (OR) 2.54; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.00-3.24; p < 0.0001]. The odds of developing a vascular-related adverse event were: alfuzosin, OR 1.66, 95% CI: 1.17-2.36; terazosin, OR 3.71, 95% CI: 2.48-5.53; doxazosin, OR 3.32, 95% CI: 2.10-5.23 and tamsulosin, OR 1.42, 95% CI: 0.99-2.05. A1Bs increased Q(max) by 1.32 ml/min (95% CI: 1.07-1.57) compared with placebo. Difference from placebo in American Urological Association symptom index/International Prostate Symptom Score was -1.92 points (95% CI: -2.71 to -1.14).
This systematic review assessed the effects of tamsulosin in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) compatible with BPH.
hytrin generic names
Terazosin appears effective in treating patients with nonbacterial prostatitis/prostatodynia. This new symptom score is one way to evaluate and track patients with this disease. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial has been initiated to study this.
hytrin generic for
Seventy four patients were included: 39 in the terazosin group, 35 in the alfuzosin group. The 2 groups were not significantly different before treatment. Improvement of the IPSS score was similar in the 2 treatment groups (p = 0.97 at 3 weeks, and p = 0.29 at 16 weeks), as was the improvement of the quality of life score (p = 0.47 at 3 weeks and p = 0.71 at 16 weeks). Treatment was considered to be "effective or very effective" in 31 patients (86%) in the terazosin group, and in 28 patients (82%) in the alfuzosin group. The IPSS score was greater than or equal to 12 before treatment for all patients included in the study. Twenty-five patients had a score < 12 at 3 weeks versus 56 at 16 weeks (p = 0.0001). Seven patients had a quality of life score less than 2 before treatment, versus 38 at 3 weeks, and 56 at 16 weeks (p = 0.0001). No significant difference was observed between the 2 groups in terms of the number of adverse events reported, or the course of blood pressure and prostate specific antigen. No patient dropped out of the study because of treatment-related adverse events. Two deaths were observed in the terazosin group (2 patients aged 86 and 93 years), but any relation to treatment was excluded.
hytrin generic name
To determine whether postjunctional alpha1- and alpha2-adrenoceptors mediate vasoconstrictor responses in the cutaneous vasculature of the human forearm.
hytrin generic brand
Study, patient characteristics and outcomes data were extracted in duplicate onto standardized forms utilizing a prospectively developed protocol. The main outcome measure for comparing the effectiveness of terazosin with placebo or other BPO medications was change in urological symptoms as measured by validated symptom scores. Secondary outcomes included urodynamic measures. The main outcome measure for adverse effects was the number of men reporting side effects. We also evaluated the number of men withdrawing from treatment and the number withdrawing due to adverse effects.
hytrin 1mg generic
Acute studies have shown that MC3/4-R stimulation increases sympathetic activity, but the role of adrenergic activation in mediating the cardiovascular and renal responses to chronic melanocortin 3- and 4-receptor (MC3/4-R) activation is unknown. The present study tested whether chronic MC3/4-R activation raises blood pressure and whether these changes are attenuated by alpha1+beta-adrenergic blockade. Rats were instrumented with an intracerebroventricular (ICV) cannula and arterial and venous catheters for measurements of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) 24 hours per day, and intravenous infusions. After control measurements, rats were intravenously infused with either saline vehicle (n=7) or alpha1+ beta-adrenergic antagonists (n=6, terazosin+propranolol, 10 mg/kg per day each) for 21 days. Five days after starting the vehicle or adrenergic blockade, the MC3/4-R agonist, MTII (10 ng/h), was infused ICV for 11 days followed by a 5-day recovery period. Another group of rats was infused with the adrenergic antagonists for 21 days but received the saline vehicle ICV for 11 days (n=7). MC3/4-R activation decreased food intake from 21+/-1 to 8+/-2 g/d by day 3 of MC3/4-R activation, and increased MAP and HR by an average of 8+/-2 mm Hg and 9+/-5 bpm, respectively. Adrenergic blockade did not alter the MC3/4-R-mediated decrease in food intake but abolished the increases in MAP and HR (1+/-2 mm Hg and -12+/-5 bpm, respectively, compared with control). ICV vehicle infusion during adrenergic blockade did not alter food intake or MAP. Glomerular filtration rate was unchanged in both the vehicle-infused and adrenergic blocked rats during MC3/4-R activation. These results indicate that the chronic actions of MC3/4-R activation on MAP and HR are mediated by adrenergic activation.
Alpha receptor blockers can decrease the risk of cardiovascular complications by both reducing platelet aggregation and protecting endothelial functions in patients with prostatic hyperplasia. The only drug with a favorable effect in all 4 areas of interest, including BPH symptoms, blood pressure, platelet aggregation, and endothelial functions, was terazosin.