norvasc recommended dosage
Most patients with hypertension will require treatment with at least two antihypertensive agents to achieve blood pressure (BP) control. This double-blind study evaluated the efficacy and safety of aliskiren/amlodipine single-pill combination (SPC) therapy in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension who are inadequately responsive to amlodipine monotherapy. Patients with mean sitting diastolic BP (msDBP) ≥ 90 and < 110 mmHg 110 mmHg after 4 weeks' treatment with amlodipine 10 mg were randomized to once-daily aliskiren/amlodipine 300/10 mg (n = 279) or 150/10 mg (n = 285) or amlodipine 10 mg monotherapy (n = 283) for 8 weeks. Aliskiren/amlodipine 300/10 and 150/10 mg SPCs provided significantly greater reductions in mean sitting systolic BP/msDBP (14.4/11.0 and 11.0/9.0 mmHg, respectively) than amlodipine 10 mg (8.2/7.2 mmHg) at week 8 endpoint. This represents additional mean reductions of 6.2/3.8 mmHg (300/10 mg) and 2.8/1.7 mmHg (150/10 mg) over amlodipine alone (all P < 0.01). Significantly more patients achieved BP control (< 140/90 mmHg) with aliskiren/amlodipine 300/10 mg (58.8%) than amlodipine 10 mg (38.4%; P < 0.0001). Aliskiren/amlodipine SPCs were generally well tolerated. In conclusion, aliskiren/amlodipine SPCs offers an effective option for management of patients who have an inadequate BP response to amlodipine alone.
norvasc usual dose
At week 12, the mean between-group difference in daytime ambulatory blood pressure was 10/4 mmHg (95% confidence interval: 7-14/2-7; P < 0.001/P = 0.0014) in favour of the group 1. The blood pressure goal (daytime ambulatory blood pressure <135/85 mmHg) was achieved in 58% in the group 1 and 20% in the group 2 (P < 0.0001). Discontinuation for drug-related adverse events was low (group 1, n = 7; group 2, n = 6).
norvasc generic reviews
In order to understand the role of ocular blood flow in normal and pathological conditions, knowledge of the pharmacological control mechanisms involved in the ocular vascular bed is essential. The present study was designed to investigate the reactivity of the rabbit external ophthalmic artery and its collaterals to amlodipine, in order to answer two questions: (1) What are amlodipine effects upon perfusion pressure and spontaneous oscillations in the in situ perfused rabbit eyes? (2) Can intraarterial amlodipine counteract ET-1 induced vasoconstriction?
norvasc renal dosing
Gingival enlargement is a common clinical feature of gingival and periodontal diseases. It is an unwanted side effect of certain systemic drugs given for nondental treatment. It is being reported with three main groups of drugs like calcium channel blockers (CCBs), immunosuppressants, and anticonvulsants. Among calcium channel blockers, nifedipine causes gingival hyperplasia in about 10% of patients, whereas the incidence of amlodipine-, a third generation calcium channel blocker, induced gingival hyperplasia is very limited. There are very few reports of amlodipine-induced gingival enlargement at a dose of 5 mg. We report a case of amlodipine-induced gingival enlargement in a 45-year-old hypertensive patient taking amlodipine at a dose of 5 mg.
norvasc 5mg tablet
The paper presents the results of investigations into vegetative regulation of blood circulation and regulation modification by peroral amlodipine and myostimulation during 7-d dry immersion. It was shown that in immersion vegetative regulation readjusted towards predominance of the sympathetic mechanisms. Myostimulation and peroral amlodipine modified regulation substantially mobilizing high level suprasegmentary structures. It should be noted that amlodipine and myostimulation differ in mechanisms of their action on central regulation. Pharmaceutical intervention seems to have a more complex and varying effect on people including side-effects. Presumably, it was the cause of poor orthostatic tolerance of several test-subjects.
The ACCOMPLISH trial consists of a randomized morbidity-mortality study involving 11506 hypertensive patients at high cardiovascular risk, randomly allocated to a fixed dose combination containing an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (B, benazepril) and either a calcium antagonist (A, amlodipine) or a diuretic (HCTZ, hydrochlorothiazide). The target blood pressure (< 140/90 mmHg) was achieved after a 6 month titration period in 75.4% of patients receiving B+A, versus 72.4% in those on B + HCTZ. Over a mean follow-up of 3 years, the B + A drug regimen was found to reduce significantly more effectively the relative risk cardiovascular mortality (-20%), fatal and non fatal myocardial infarction (-22%) and coronary revascularization (-14%), appearing therefore particularly effective to prevent complications due to myocardial ischemia.
norvasc with alcohol
Listeria monocytogenes causes suppurative gastritis in BALB/c mice. We investigated the effect of the antihypertensive drug amlodipine (Aml) on the growth of L. monocytogenes in vitro and in vivo. Aml showed noteworthy inhibitory action (minimum inhibitory concentration, MIC(90) 32 microg/ml) against Listeria strains and demonstrated cidal (minimum bactericidal concentration, MBC 64 microg/ml) activity. Aml administered orally at 2.5 microg/g in female BALB/c mice for 7 days, commencing 4 days before oral challenge (1 x 10(8) CFU/ml with L. monocytogenes ATCC 51774), significantly reduced bacterial counts in the stomach (P < 0.01), liver (P < 0.01), and spleen (P < 0.05), and decreased (P < 0.05) gastric lesions, neutrophilic infiltration, edema, vascular degeneration, and necrosis of gastric tissues. It caused the down-regulation of expression of inflammatory cytokines (IFN-gamma, IL-1 beta, and TNF-alpha) compared to drug-free control. Aml may be used in the presence of an antibiotic as adjunct therapy that boosts the host immunity against Listeria. Further, QSAR studies might contribute in manipulating it as a lead compound for the synthesis of new, more effective non-antibiotics (helper compounds), perhaps devoid of side-effects, that could be recommended as compassionate therapy for listeriosis.
norvasc overdose death
One hundred and forty-one client-owned cats with systolic hypertension.