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No excessive bleeding occurred in any of these patients.
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In the 'Harmonizing Optimal Strategy for Treatment of coronary artery stenosis - sAfety & effectiveneSS of drug-elUting stents & antiplatelet REgimen' (HOST-ASSURE) trial, approximately 3,750 patients are being prospectively and randomly assigned in a 2 × 2 factorial design according to the type of stent (PtCr-EES vs CoCr-ZES) and antiplatelet regimen (TAT vs DDAT). The first primary endpoint is target lesion failure at 1 year for the stent comparison, and the second primary endpoint is net clinical outcome at 1 month for comparison of antiplatelet therapy regimen.
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The reasons for postdischarge adenosine diphosphate receptor inhibitor (ADPri) switching among patients with myocardial infarction (MI) are unclear. We sought to describe the incidence and patterns of postdischarge ADPri switching among patients with acute MI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention.
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In a randomized, three-way crossover study, 27 healthy subjects were administered clopidogrel (300 mg), cilostazol (100 mg) or clopidogrel + cilostazol orally. Plasma concentrations of clopidogrel, cilostazol and their active metabolites (clopidogrel thiol metabolite, 3,4-dehydrocilostazol and 4″-trans-hydroxycilostazol), and adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation were measured for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic assessment.
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A total of 1,558 adult subjects with mild, moderate and severe head injury admitted to Italian EDs were studied. In multivariable logistic regression analyses, the short-term outcome was assessed by an evaluation of head CT scan at 6 to 24 hours after trauma and the long-term outcome by the Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) at six months.
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1) Subgroups IIB and IIIB were the most frequently treated (76%); 2) Clopidogrel was the most prescribed antithrombotic agent (51%); 3) Multivessel coronary artery disease was found in 42% of the cases, most of which were complex target lesions located in native vessels; 4) Coronary stent implantation was the chief dilation technique used.
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Anti-platelet drugs exert an immunomodulatory action by counteracting CD14(high)CD16(+) monocyte increase under pro-inflammatory conditions, with this effect being dependent on the amplitude of P-selectin reduction.
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We examined 60 patients presenting for treatment of ISR (one lesion per patient) who were enrolled in the Melbourne Interventional Group Registry (4% of total population of 1423 patients) between April 2004 and January 2005. Twelve-month follow-up is complete for all patients.
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In this paper, data from available studies regarding some contemporary issues on clopidogrel therapy are analyzed. In particular, the following clinical questions have been considered and addressed: (a) Is early clopidogrel treatment needed in patients with acute coronary syndromes treated medically or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)? (b) What is the optimal clopidogrel loading dose in patients undergoing PCI? (c) Is pre-treatment with clopidogrel before PCI needed, or can clopidogrel loading be given in the catheter laboratory before intervention, but after coronary anatomy is known? (d) What is the optimal clopidogrel strategy in patients on chronic clopidogrel therapy undergoing PCI? (e) Does the degree of clopidogrel response influence clinical outcome in patients undergoing PCI?
Older NSTEMI patients with AF are at high risk for subsequent bleeding and major cardiac events. Increased antithrombotic management was associated with increased bleeding risk. Further investigation is needed to clarify whether these risks are counterbalanced by reduced thromboembolic events in this population.