Using of radiochemotherapy improves short-term and long-term results of treatment in patients with primary Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) comparing with treatment by chemotherapy alone. The rates of 5-year, 10-year OS and DFS are 88%, 83% and 90%, 86% in case of radiochemotherapy, versus 73%, 66% and 72%, 68% using chemotherapy alone. The 5-year and 10-year OS, DFS estimates in treatment with ABVD are 84% and 83%, 75% and 74%; BEACOPP-baseline--83% and 82%, 82% and 81% (p < 0.05). At the same time ABVD chemotherapy develops less toxicity (p < 0.001). The treatment with 6 cycles of ABVD is considered as the most appropriate in primary Hodgkin's lymphoma patients with extranodal lesions. Using more than 6 cycles doesn't seem to improve OS and DFS (the 5-year and 10-year DFS, OS estimates are 79% and 72%, 80% and 77% versus 88% and 87%, 90% and 89% (p < 0.05). Comparison of complications rate during chemotherapy with MOPP (919 cycles), ABVD (1300 cycles), BEACOPP-baseline (584 cycles), BEACOPP-escalated (140 cycles) reveals major hematologic toxicity and infectious complications rate in BEACOPP-escalated program (p < 0.05).
Mortality of patients with CDAD on glucocorticoids, regardless of the severity of CDAD, was significantly higher than the mortality of patients with CDAD not on glucocorticoids and those on glucocorticoids with symptomatic diarrhea and without C. difficile infection.
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The patient was followed from symptom onset to resolution.
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A total of 125 episodes were analyzed. Before steroid treatment, 60 recurrences occurred, corresponding to a mean of 4.03 ± 4.22 (SD) relapses per year. After the first treatment with prednisone, patients experienced 47 relapses, representing a mean of 1.11 ± 1.27 (SD) relapses per year (p = 0.0371).
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Budesonide may be an additional treatment option for patients with AIH but without cirrhosis who are intolerant to standard therapy with prednisone or prednisone with azathioprine.
In a retrospective study, we collected data from 16 patients (19 eyes) treated for lymphoma of the ocular adnexa between 2006 and 2011 with various tumor sites. We evaluated ocular symptoms of the patients in correlation to the tumor localization on imaging and determined the access of biopsy. Follow-up period (13.7 ± 15.4 months) and therapy were analyzed.
Randomized, controlled, phase 2b, open-label, dual-center noninferiority trial.
Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM) is a worldwide hypersensitivity lung disease of multiple etiologies with Aspergillus fumigatus as the most common etiologic agent. We report the first instance of Bipolaris hawaiiensis causing ABPM in a paediatric patient. A six-year-old girl presented in June 2009 with productive cough, exertional dyspnoea, occasional wheezing, restricted air entry in left infra-scapular and infra-axillary areas, 7% eosinophils (absolute count 540/mm(3)) and total IgE 1051.3 IU/m in the sera. Bronchoscopy revealed narrowing of left main bronchus and mucoid impaction of the left lower lobe segmental bronchi. Cytological examination of BAL revealed few eosinophils, Charcot-Leyden crystals and mucus embedded hyphae. Examination of KOH wet mounts of repeated sputum and BAL specimens revealed septate, brownish hyphae and culture of the specimens resulted in the isolation of multiple colonies of a fungus later identified as B. hawaiiensis based on phenotypic characters and sequencing of internal transcribed spacer and D1/D2 regions of rDNA. In addition, (1-3)-β-D-glucan was demonstrated in serum (316 pg/ml) by Fungitell kit, supportive of fungal infection/colonization. Histopathologic studies of a bronchial biopsy revealed necrotic debris, macrophage aggregates, lymphocytes, polymorphs and PAS positive hypae. The patient was administered oral itraconazole for 12 weeks, intravenous liposomal amphotericin B for one month, weekly bronchoscopic suctioning and voriconazole instillation, resulting in reduced mucopurulent secretions and considerable clinical improvement. A serum sample collected on 5 November demonstrated precipitins against antigens of the B. hawaiiensis isolate. In March 2010, intradermal skin testing revealed a strong, type I hypersensitivity (induration diam-12 mm) against B. hawaiiensis. The patient relapsed with wheezing and difficulty in respiration in April 2010. Considering the positive type I cutaneous hypersensitivity, the aforementioned laboratory and clinical observations, the patient was finally diagnosed as having ABPM and was successfully treated with oral prednisone. A high index of clinical suspicion with requisite investigations is crucial for early diagnosis and appropriate therapy of ABPM in order to prevent the late sequelae of irreversible broncho-pulmonary damage.
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This study was aimed to evaluate the proliferation-associated antigen Ki-67 expression in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and its clinical significance. The Ki-67 expression and its correlation with prognosis in 50 patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab plus CHOP (R-CHOP) between January 2008 and December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. The results indicated that there was no significant relationship between Ki-67 expression and clinical features, including age, sex, staging, B symptoms, LDH level, IPI, extranodal site involvement, presence of bulky tumors (>10 cm in diameter), bone marrow involvement, GCG nor GCB type, or response to first line treatment. The median survival was 50 months and 15 months in low Ki-67 expression group (<85%) and in high Ki-67 expression group ( ≥ 85%) respectively. The overall survival (OS) and progress-free survival (PFS) in low Ki-67 expression group were obviously longer than that in high Ki-67 expression group (P = 0.001; P = 0.027). In univariate analysis, the clinical factors associated with OS included Ann Arbor staging and Ki-67 expression. The clinical factors associated with PFS included Ann Arbor staging. IPI and Ki-67 expression. In multivariate analysis. The Ki-67 expression level was an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR = 4.90; 95% CI, 1.456-16.511; P = 0.0103). It is concluded that Ki-67 expression level seems to be an effective marker for evaluation of DLBCL prognosis.
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We report on a previously healthy 11-year-old boy with unilateral periorbital mild headache and facial nerve palsy, followed during the next 5 months by recurrent unilateral headaches and subsequent extrinsic paresis of the third cranial nerve and paresis of the sixth cranial nerve, each of which improved with steroids. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed increased thickening of the left cavernous sinus and adjacent structures, with marked gadolinium enhancement. Eight months after the initial signs, he developed left retro-orbital headache that lasted 16 days and was relieved 24 hours after resuming steroid treatment. Recurrent multiple cranial neuropathies, neuroimaging findings, and long-lasting headache that responded to steroids indicated Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, further confirmed by extensive investigation and a long follow-up to exclude other causes. This patient illustrates the complexity of disorders with multiple cranial nerve palsies, and adds to the sparse literature on Tolosa-Hunt syndrome in children, describing the first pediatric case preceded by facial palsy.
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Polyarteritis nodosa and microscopic polyangiitis involve small and medium-sized blood vessels. The majority of patients with microscopic polyangiitis have perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, usually antimyeloperoxidase (anti-MPO) antibodies. This report describes the first case of perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (p-ANCA) associated vasculitis presenting as, and manifesting predominantly with, cholecystitis. We review the spectrum of disease in small and medium-sized vessel arteritis of the gallbladder from localized arteritis that may not require treatment other than careful observation for the development of systemic disease to multiorgan involvement requiring aggressive immunosuppressive therapy.