Determination of antibiotic resistance before initiating therapy is not necessary, since primary resistance to clarithromycin is rare. The Italian triple therapy remains a highly effective primary therapeutic method. Further, routine determination of resistance in non-responders also seems to be superfluous because high-dose dual therapy is an effective and well-tolerated second-line therapy regardless of the patients' resistance status.
Rifabutin has been empirically used in Helicobacter pylori infections resistant to triple therapy. There are no data on primary and secondary resistance to rifabutin and its use in specific cases.
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Sixty-four duodenal ulcer patients were recruited for this prospective, randomized, multicentre, double-blind, parallel-group study. They were subdivided into three well-matched groups treated with 20 mg o.m., 40 mg o.m. and 40 mg b.d. of pantoprazole, respectively. Endoscopy and intragastric pH monitoring were performed in each patient before and after 14 days of treatment.
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We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who were newly hospitalized for ACS between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2007 retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) and who were prescribed clopidogrel (n= 37 099) during the follow-up period. A propensity score technique was used to establish a matched cohort in 1:1 ratio (n= 5173 for each group). The primary clinical outcome was rehospitalization for ACS, while secondary outcomes were rehospitalization for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with stent, PTCA without stent and revascularization (PTCA or coronary artery bypass graft surgery) after the discharge date for the index ACS event.
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Mechanisms underlying tumor growth retarding effect of proton pump inhibitor pantoprazole (PPZ) on a murine T cell lymphoma, designated as Dalton's lymphoma (DL), were investigated. In vivo administration of PPZ to tumor-bearing mice resulted in retardation of tumor progression owing to an inhibition of tumor cell survival and augmented apoptosis. An alteration in the parameters of tumor microenvironment and modulation in the expression of cell growth regulatory molecules is indicated to be involved in PPZ-dependent tumor growth retardation. These findings will help in optimizing therapeutic strategies against cancer using PPZ.
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We found no evidence that pantoprazole, a longer acting PPI, compared with shorter-acting agents, conferred an excess risk of gastric cancer, other gastrointestinal cancers or all cancers for pantoprazole compared with other shorter-acting PPIs.
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156 patients were included in an intention-to-treat analysis. Three patients withdrew from the trial before finishing follow-up. Recurrent ulcer bleeding within 30 days was 10.3% in the aspirin group and 5.4% in the placebo group (difference, 4.9 percentage points [95% CI, -3.6 to 13.4 percentage points]). Patients who received aspirin had lower all-cause mortality rates than patients who received placebo (1.3% vs. 12.9%; difference, 11.6 percentage points [CI, 3.7 to 19.5 percentage points]). Patients in the aspirin group had lower mortality rates attributable to cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, or gastrointestinal complications than patients in the placebo group (1.3% vs. 10.3%; difference, 9 percentage points [CI, 1.7 to 16.3 percentage points]).
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Acid-suppressive medications are commonly used in hospitalized patients, but, to date, little is known about the overall use of these drugs in the hospital setting.
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Concomitant use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) has been implicated in diminished antiplatelet response to clopidogrel and an increased risk of ischemic events, but primarily among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. We sought to examine the potential influence of interactions between PPIs and clopidogrel versus prasugrel on platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in patients managed medically without revascularization.
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One hundred percent reactivation of ATPase following inhibition in vivo by omeprazole or its enantiomers was seen with dithiothreitol and 89% with glutathione. Similar data were found for lansoprazole or rabeprazole. No reactivation by either reducing agent was seen following inhibition by pantoprazole.
Gastric xanthelasma is a rarely encountered finding in upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. It is characterised by yellowish-white plaque in the stomach especially in the antrum or the pyloric region. Histologically it consists of foamy macrophages in the lamina propria. It is a benign condition but its appearance mimics malignancy and it is found to be associated with various conditions, some of which are considered premalignant so, histological confirmation is necessary. We present a case of a 44-year-old man who presented to the medicine outpatient department for intermittent pain in epigastrium for the last 2 years. His physical examination was normal. His haematological and biochemical investigations were also normal. His upper GI endoscopy revealed yellowish-white plaque in fundus of the stomach, which was diagnosed as gastric xanthelasma by histological examination with associated chronic gastritis.